Neonatologist Performed Echocardiography (NPE) is increasingly used by neonatologists in the intensive care setting to support clinical diagnosis and management.
The provision of real-time information on cardiovascular performance and systemic haemodynamic, non-invasive nature of the technique, and ability to perform longitudinal functional assessments have all contributed to the increased utilisation of NPE in the neonatal intensive care (NICU).
The lack of reliable technologies to estimate systemic blood flow is one example of a clinical situation which has prompted neonatologists to perform point of care echocardiography examinations. Clinical signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, and capillary refill time, which traditionally physicians have relied upon, provide limited insight into the adequacy of systemic blood flow and organ perfusion.
For optimal clinical use of this tool, a systematic training programme is recommended by experts. In this training programme all aspects, from beginning to end, need to be included.